AU Watch

Djibouti

Overview

Djibouti is one of the smallest countries in Africa. It covers an area of 23,200 square kilometers and is home to a population of about 865,000 (2011). The size of its economy limits its ability to diversify production and increases its reliance on foreign markets, making it more vulnerable to market downturns and hampering its access to external capital. Djibouti also has less than 1,000 square kilometers of arable land (0.04 percent of its total land area) and average annual rainfall of only 130 millimeters. It depends almost completely on imports to meet its food needs. 

Djibouti’s strength lies in its strategic location at the southern entrance to the Red Sea, forming a bridge between Africa and the Middle East. Adjacent to some of the world’s busiest shipping lanes, it hosts military bases for France, the United States, Japan, China, and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), as well as for other foreign countries with forces supporting global anti-piracy efforts. 

Djibouti’s US$2 billion city-state economy is driven by a state-of-the-art port complex, among the most sophisticated in the world. Trade through the port is expected to grow rapidly in parallel with the expanding economy of its largest neighbor and main trading partner, Ethiopia. Djibouti has some natural assets that could be used for tourism, untapped marine resources that could support more artisanal fishing, and an infrastructure of undersea telecommunications cables from which it could develop new digital and service industries. Renewable energy could be a source of growth as Djibouti has geothermal, solar, and eolian potential. 

Thanks to massive, public debt-financed investments in infrastructure, Djibouti has seen rapid, sustained growth in recent years, with per capita GDP growing at more than 3 percent a year on average and real GP at 6 percent. Growth is expected to reach 7.5 per cent in 2019.

Because of these investments the country’s debt stands at an estimated 70 percent of GDP. The population living below the international poverty line of US$1.90 per day was estimated at 17.1 percent in 2017 but is expected to decrease if it reaps the benefits of infrastructure investments. Djibouti is not currently engaged in an IMF program but has completed an Article IV review, which was discussed by the Fund’s Board of Executive Directors in September 2019.

The Republic of Djibouti
Capital: Djibouti
Population: 942,000

Area: 23,200 sq km (8,950 sq miles)

Languages: French, Arabic, Somali, Afar

Religion Islam

Life expectancy: 61 years (men), 64 years (women)

Currency: Djiboutian franc

UN, World Bank

President: Ismail Omar Guelleh

Important Addresses and Contacts

Physical Contacts of the Presidency

Name of Minister:

Address:
Telephone:
Fax:

Physical Contacts of the Prime Minister’s Office

Name of Minister:

Address:

Telephone:

Fax:

Physical Contacts of the National Assembly

Name of Speaker of the House:

Address:
Telephone:

Fax:

Physical Contacts of the Chief Of State and Cabinet Ministers

Name of Minister:

Address:
Telephone:
Fax:

Physical Contacts of the Ministry of Interior

Name of Minister:

Address:
Telephone:
Fax

Physical Contacts of the Ministry of Justice

Name of Minister:

Address:

Telephone:

Fax:

Physical Contacts of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Name of Minister:

Address:
Telephone:
Fax:

Physical Contacts of the Ministry of Women’s Affairs

Name of Minister:

Address:
Telephone:
Fax:

Physical Contacts of the National Human Rights Commission

Name of Minister:

Address: 

Telephone:

Fax:

Physical Contacts of the Police

Name of Inspector General:

Address:
Telephone:
Fax:

Physical Contacts of the Military

Name of Inspector General:

Address:
Telephone:
Fax:

Important Information of Key Human Rights Issues in Djibouti


Number Prisons in Djibouti

Number Prisoners in Djibouti
Secret Detention Centres:
Police Stations in Djibouti

Corruption in Djibouti

 

What are the current and ongoing human rights issues in ​​Djibouti

 

(1) Freedom of the Press

 

(2) Human Rights Defenders Issues

 

(3) Impunity

Membership of African Regional Organisations

 

African Union (AU)

Joined the OAU 

Signed the Constitutive Act of The African Union on: 

Ratified:Instrument Deposited:

Key Regional Human Rights & Governance InstrumentsSigned and Ratified

 

  1. African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights

Signed: 

Ratified:

Instrument Deposited:

2.Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Establishment of an African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights

Signed: 

Ratified:

Instrument Deposited:

  1. Protocol on the Statute of the African Court of Justice and Human Rights

Signed:  –

Ratified: –

Instrument Deposited: –

4.Protocol on Amendments to the Protocol on the Statute of the African Court of Justice and Human Rights

Signed:  –

Ratified: –

Instrument Deposited: –

  1. Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa

Signed:  –

Ratified: –

Instrument Deposited: –

  1. African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption

Signed:  –

Ratified: –

Instrument Deposited: –

  1. African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance

Signed:  –

Ratified: –

Instrument Deposited: –

  1. Statute of the African Union Commission on International Law (AUCIL)

Signed:  –

Ratified: –

Instrument Deposited: –

  1. OAU Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa

Signed:  –

Ratified: –

Instrument Deposited: – 

  1. African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (Kampala Convention)

Signed:  –

Ratified: –

Instrument Deposited: – 

  1. Protocol to the Treaty Establishing the African Economic Community Relating to Free Movement of Persons, Right of Residence and Right of Establishment

Signed:  –

Ratified: –

Instrument Deposited: –

  1. African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child

Signed:  –

Ratified: –

Instrument Deposited: – 

  1. Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Older Persons

Signed:  –

Ratified: –

Instrument Deposited: –

  1. Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in Africa

Signed:  –

Ratified: –

Instrument Deposited: –