AU Watch

Algeria

Brief Overview

​Large scale protests to oppose President Abdelaziz Bouteflika’s candidacy for a fifth term in office, erupted in February 2019, demanding his resignation, which took place in April. An interim president was inaugurated to oversee the transition period and organize the presidential election, due to be held in December 2019. The current political uncertainty has reduced levels of predictability in the business environment, given the impact the transition has had on senior managerial level in some large companies.
Algeria is one of a handful of countries that have achieved 20% poverty reduction in the past two decades. The Algerian government took significant steps to improve the wellbeing of its people by implementing social policies in line with the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals. The country’s oil boom has enabled the authorities to clear Algeria’s external debt, invest in infrastructure projects, and improve the country’s Human Development Indicators.
For example, Algeria has significantly improved its human capital development: its position on the World Bank Human Capital Index (HCI) that measures five key indicators in health and education is 93rd out of 157 countries. Between 2012 and 2017, its HCI value remained more or less constant at 0.52, however in 2017, it was lower than the average for its region and income group.
Algeria is considered to have achieved universal primary education with a 97% Primary Net Enrollment Rate in 2015 (with gender parity) and equally elevated higher education enrollment rates. Going forward, the government needs to improve the quality of education, as Algeria ranked 71 out of 72 economies for the performance of its 15-year-olds in science, mathematics, and reading in the 2015 PISA assessments. ​

The Republic of Algerial

Population: 41 million

Area: 2.4 million sq km (919,595 sq miles)

Major languages: Arabic, French, Berber

Major religion: Islam

Life expectancy: 75 years (men), 77 years (women)

Currency: Dinar UN, World Bank

Organisation: African Union, UN, World Bank

President: AbdelmadjidTebboune

Important Addresses and Contacts

Physical Contacts of the Presidency

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Physical Contacts of the Prime Minister’s Office

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Physical Contacts of the National Assembly

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Physical Contacts of the Ministry of Interior

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Physical Contacts of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

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Physical Contacts of the Ministry of Women’s Affairs

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Physical Contacts of the National Human Rights Commission

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Physical Contacts of the Police

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Physical Contacts of the Military

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Important Information of Key Human Rights Issues in Cameroon


Number Prisons in Algeria

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Police Stations in Algeria

Corruption in Algria

 

Contacts of Key Civil Society Organisations

Are new forms of activism emerging in Algeria? Can civil society effect political reform in the country? The violence between radical Islamists and the military during the Algerian civil war of the 1990s led to huge loss of life and mass exile. The public sphere was rendered a dangerous place for over a decade. Yet in defiance of these conditions, civil society grew, with thousands of associations forming throughout the conflict. Associations were set up to protect human rights and vulnerable populations, commemorate those assassinated and promote Algerian heritage. There are now over 93,000 associations registered across the country. Although social, economic and political turbulence continues, new networks still emerge and, since the Arab revolts of 2011, organised demonstrations increasingly take place.

What are the current and ongoing human rights issues in Algeria?

 

(1) Freedom of the Press

 

(2) Human Rights Defenders Issues

 

(3) Impunity

Membership of African Regional Organisations

 

African Union (AU)

Joined the OAU on 25May 1963

Signed the Constitutive Act of The African Union on: 28 February 2001

 

Ratified:09 November 2001

Instrument Deposited:19 April 2002

Key Regional Human Rights & Governance InstrumentsSigned and Ratified

 

  1. African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights

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2.Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Establishment of an African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights

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  1. Protocol on the Statute of the African Court of Justice and Human Rights

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4.Protocol on Amendments to the Protocol on the Statute of the African Court of Justice and Human Rights

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  1. Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa

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  1. African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption

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  1. African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance

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  1. Statute of the African Union Commission on International Law (AUCIL)

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  1. OAU Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa

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  1. African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (Kampala Convention)

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  1. Protocol to the Treaty Establishing the African Economic Community Relating to Free Movement of Persons, Right of Residence and Right of Establishment

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  1. African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child

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  1. Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Older Persons

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  1. Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in Africa

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